Диаграмма атома Gd ионы I II III IV V VI VII

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Gd I U[cm-1]049601 6378.1 6550.4 6786.2 7103.4 7480.3 7947.3 8498.4 10222.2 10359.9 10576.4 10883.5 11296.5 11830.4 12486.5 15744.8 15758.3 15758.7 15833.8 15989.5 16228.8 16758.9 15972.3 16012.9 16078 16166 16296.6 16534.5 17016 20299.9 20303.8 20306.9 20324.7 20588.3 11685.6 12057.2 12346 15173.6 15519.2 15720.7 19574 19718.7 19978.8 20565.6 20759.7 21152.9 17332.2 17362.2 17439.7 17600.8 17906.7 18993.2 19014.1 19022.7 19062.2 19085.8 17380.8 17750 17795.3 17930.5 17973.6 18070.3 18083.6 18509.2 19361.8 19375.6 19403.1 19445.6 19508 19592.5 19682.1 19781.6 19850.1 21389.5 21439.7 21515 21544.7 21647.9 21745.7 21815.6 22334.5 23215 22429.2 22602.6 22835.4 23128.2 23479.2 23883.5 24332.7 28725.2 28741.6 29041.7 29174.6 29439.3 29867.5 30367.4 34555 22563.8 22820.9 23196.4 23229.3 25380.9 25658.1 27343.9 27829.7 28366.5 29420.7 30749.2 25676.9 27981.5 26651.9 27628.2 28837.2 28938.3 29312.8 31766.6 27648.8 29672.5 30289.4 30583.7 31542.4 26145.9 37313.7 37544.3 37908.5 38024.8 31634 34720.2 37722.1 38276 38403.9 40058.1 40153.5 40284.4 40894.6 32181.7 33951.5 35045.8 36182.7 37248.5 37648.5 37669.2 37933.5 38108.2 39884.6 40078.8 40589 42103.1 34623.9 38245.7 40041.3 41212.6 41714.8 42213.8 34906.2 37424.5 41982.8 42167.6 36179.4 36616.7 41021.5 41370.5 42839.4 38376.3 38825.2 39805.3 42582.6 38693.5 38582.6 38589.4 41883.7 27026.1 27259 27715.4 32925.5 33491.4 33734.1 27797.6 31907 32176.4 32547.6 33061.6 33804.5 32957.8 33195.3 33534.7 34044.3 34755 35254.6 35436 35716.8 36326.6 37204.7 35606.1 35860.6 36541.3 37150.8 32167.9 32220.3 36268.5 36895.9 37416.6 37913.5 32660.8 37246.6 37544.5 38173.3 32928.7 33088.3 34698.2 35603.6 36386.4 37041.2 37123.7 33189.5 35997 36577 37216 37605 33823.1 34911.4 36654 36853.1 34811.8 37531.1 36360.1 33782.1 34719.1 34984.6 35561.3 36381.7 37460.8 36060.1 37288.7 37385.2 37463.8 37529.8 37548.4 37702.8 39458.4 40125.1 40452.3 39897.7 43963.9 7653.9 7562.5 7426.7 7234.9 6976.5 1719.1 999.1 533 215.1 0 41069.2 40439.5 37425.2 37284.7 38435 33231.1 32966.9 32585.1 32206.8 31869.1 31865.2 32341.1 32251.8 32356.1 32149.5 32336.1 31999.8 32133.1 31794.8 39192.4 39022.7 38775.7 38669.5 38627.7 40234 40127.2 39949.4 39790.1 39625.6 39519.8 39426.7 39367.2 37809.5 37279.3 37090.1 36954.1 36850.3 36203.6 35442.7 32157.1 35566.2 34517.7 29878.5 30809.4 30307.5 29451.4 41461.3 40450.6 34175.8 39605.3 41097.3 33851.8 34938.4 36147.1 38348.3 38586.5 38792.6 39608.4 40160.9 40382.6 40632.7 41624.4 33704.6 34465.9 34913.6 35360.4 35553.9 37385.1 37541.2 38275.6 39404.2 39668.4 40684.9 40803.2 31279.2 31778 32563.6 33348.2 33732.3 33923.5 35794.6 36060.3 37904.1 38687.3 39593.8 39971.4 40200.5 40330.4 40463.8 40708 40865.9 41150.9 41283.2 41665.2 41692.2 30909.9 35909 41231.1 30394.6 34147.3 35342.3 37487 37505.6 38322 39243.9 40786.2 29501.6 32785.1 32886.3 33568.1 33724.5 34458.2 34635.5 34698.2 37401.7 37662 38495.8 39819.1 39938.1 40391.5 40487.7 40554.5 40963.7 41127.5 41296.2 29362.6 39323.1 29426.5 28504.4 27336.9 28731.6 27315.8 29120 27129.2 29557.8 27118.7 29717.2 27040.9 28793.4 29191.6 28716.8 28486.9 27949.9 27880.7 26955.2 26882.9 26730.8 29835.1 29681.3 29358.6 26866.4 26742.3 26616.3 26615 26568.3 26101.6 25732.9 25352.7 25337.8 25253.8 24988.9 26397.6 27736.7 25661.3 24849.5 25621.3 24714.8 27475.7 24660.3 27041.8 32272.1 24655.6 34524.7 34120.2 33552.5 32984.3 32949.8 32384 32448.1 32226.7 30629.5 35593 35498.8 34466.6 34285.5 34096.9 33955.6 33942.5 33602.4 33436.4 33087.1 33013.8 32931.8 32221.2 32061.5 31676.7 31602.9 31549.7 31327.5 30835 30680.2 30409.9 30197.3 29754.9 31546.4 29141.2 31847.5 32549.6 28414.9 32020.3 29888.2 29444.4 28892.9 28272.6 27556.1 29324 29089.9 28648.5 28168.7 27571.7 27081.1 26924.5 28785.2 28215.1 27705 26335.7 25815.3 27089.8 26834.3 26588.3 26247.6 25820.7 24854.3 24255.1 27135.7 25376.3 24430.4 23999.9 25043.7 27731.2 23644.2 27425.3 23389.8 39113.9 39079.6 39043.9 39028 39017.3 36203.2 36000.5 35883.6 35811.6 35766.8 35744.5 35579.6 37343.2 36772.2 36731.6 36482.5 36394.5 36191.7 36087.3 36037.2 36024.1 35149.1 34951 34837 34765.6 34722.9 34711.4 34704.8 32729.5 32091.7 31457.2 31171.6 31135.8 30881.7 30694.9 30555.8 30505.4 30007.3 29628.4 29209.2 29125.9 29005.6 28984.7 28972 31146.5 30652 30242.3 29876.6 29794.8 29631.3 29293.6 28841.7 28451 28432.9 28111.7 27861.1 27660.4 27536.4 26870.4 26337.1 25940.1 25571.7 25403.3 25164.6 25069.2 26451.8 31859.3 23103.7 25920.9 24860 24459 22452.9 21905.4 21674.7 21543.2 21450.2 21381.5 21347.4 19700.6 19507.3 19399.8 19330.6 19285.5 22718.3 22225.5 21857.5 20434.1 19480 17617.8 17228 20160.1 19525.4 19164.8 18014.4 17909.9 17318.9 16885.7 16775 16196 16824.6 16061.3 15852.2 15174 14669.1 14298.3 14036 16923.4 16920.4 15665.4 13926.3 13433.9 15289 15121.2 14778 14253.9 13506.1 12520 10947.2 9900 19800 29700 39600 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)6s 10F0 11Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=2 11Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=3 11Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=4 11Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=5 11Fo6 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=6 11Fo7 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=7 11Fo8 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=8 9Fo1 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=1 9Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=2 9Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=3 9Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=4 9Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=5 9Fo6 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=6 9Fo7 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(10F0)6s, j=7 8F0 9Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=2 9Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=3 9Fo1 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=1 9Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=4 9Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=5 9Fo6 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=6 9Fo7 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=7 7Fo0 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=0 7Fo1 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=1 7Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=2 7Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=3 7Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=4 7Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=5 7Fo6 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(8F0)6s, j=6 6F0 5Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(6F0)6s, j=3 5Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(6F0)6s, j=2 5Fo1 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(6F0)6s, j=1 5Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(6F0)6s, j=4 5Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3F)(6F0)6s, j=5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)6s 10P0 11Po4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6s, j=4 11Po5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6s, j=5 11Po6 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6s, j=6 9Po3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6s, j=3 9Po4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6s, j=4 9Po5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6s, j=5 8P0 9Po3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(8P0)6s, j=3 9Po4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(8P0)6s, j=4 9Po5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(8P0)6s, j=5 7Po2 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(8P0)6s, j=2 7Po3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(8P0)6s, j=3 7Po4 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(8P0)6s, j=4 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)6s 8D0 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=2 9Do3 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=3 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=4 9Do5 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=5 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=6 7Do3 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=3 7Do2 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=2 7Do4 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=4 7Do1 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=1 7Do5 4f7(8S0)5d2(1D)(8D0)6s, j=5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0) 9Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=2 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=2 9Do3 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=3 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=4 9Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=4 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=6 9Do5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=5 9Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(3P0), j=5 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)6s 8G0 9Go0 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=0 9Go1 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=1 9Go2 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=2 9Go3 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=3 9Go4 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=4 9Go5 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=5 9Go6 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=6 9Go7 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=7 9Go8 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=8 7Go6 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=6 7Go5 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=5 7Go7 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=7 7Go4 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=4 7Go3 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=3 7Go2 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=2 7Go1 4f7(8S0)5d2(1G)(8G0)6s, j=1 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(1P0) 9Po2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(1P0), j=2 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s6p(1P0), j=2 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F) 11Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=2 11Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=3 11Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=4 11Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=5 11Fo6 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=6 11Fo7 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=7 11Fo8 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=8 9Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=2 9Fo1 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=1 9Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=3 9Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=4 9Fo5 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=5 9Fo6 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=6 9Fo7 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=7 7Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d3(4F), j=4 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s6p(3P0) 9Do3 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s6p(3P0), j=3 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s6p(3P0), j=4 9Do5 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s6p(3P0), j=5 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s6p(3P0), j=6 4f8(7F)5d6s 8G 9Go5 4f8(7F)5d(8G)6s, j=5 4f8(7F)6s6p ?o6 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=6 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=6 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=6 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=6 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=6 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=6 ?o7 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=7 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=7 ?o5 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=5 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=5 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=5 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=5 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=5 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=5 ?o4 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=4 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=4 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=4 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=4 ?o3 4f8(7F)6s6p, j=3 ? 9Fo7 (?), j=7 9Do3 (?), j=3 9Do4 (?), j=4 9Do5 (?), j=5 9Do6 (?), j=6 ?o5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 (?), j=5 ?o3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 (?), j=3 ?o6 (?), j=6 (?), j=6 (?), j=6 (?), j=6 (?), j=6 (?), j=6 ?o2 (?), j=2 (?), j=2 (?), j=2 (?), j=2 ?o4 (?), j=4 (?), j=4 (?), j=4 (?), j=4 (?), j=4 ?o7 (?), j=7 (?), j=7 (?), j=7 (?), j=7 ?o8 (?), j=8 11Fo3 (?), j=3 11Fo4 (?), j=4 7Go1 (?), j=1 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P) 11Po4 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P), j=4 11Po5 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P), j=5 11Po6 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P), j=6 9Po4 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P), j=4 9Po5 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P), j=5 ?o4 4f7(8S0)5d3(4P), j=4 4f8(7F6)6s6p(3P02) (6,2)o8 4f8(7F6)6s6p(3P02), j=8 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s7s 10D0 11Do3 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=3 11Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=4 11Do5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=5 11Do6 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=6 11Do7 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=7 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=2 9Do3 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=3 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=4 9Do5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=5 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(10D0)7s, j=6 8D0 7Do1 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=1 7Do2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=2 7Do3 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=3 7Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=4 7Do5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=5 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=2 9Do3 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=3 9Do5 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=5 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d(9D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=6 4f86s6p ?o2 4f86s6p, j=2 4f86s6p, j=2 4f86s6p, j=2 4f86s6p, j=2 4f86s6p, j=2 4f86s6p, j=2 ?o1 4f86s6p, j=1 4f86s6p, j=1 4f86s6p, j=1 4f86s6p, j=1 ?o7 4f86s6p, j=7 ?o4 4f86s6p, j=4 4f86s6p, j=4 4f86s6p, j=4 4f86s6p, j=4 4f86s6p, j=4 4f86s6p, j=4 ?o3 4f86s6p, j=3 4f86s6p, j=3 4f86s6p, j=3 4f86s6p, j=3 4f86s6p, j=3 ?o5 4f86s6p, j=5 4f86s6p, j=5 4f86s6p, j=5 4f86s6p, j=5 ?o6 4f86s6p, j=6 ?o0 4f86s6p, j=0 7Go1 4f86s6p?, j=1 4f7(8S0)5d3(2D2) ?o5 4f7(8S0)5d3(2D2), j=5 4f7(8S0)6s27s 9So4 4f7(8S0)6s27s, j=4 7So3 4f7(8S0)6s27s, j=3 4f7(8S0)6s6p2(4P) 11Po4 4f7(8S0)6s6p2(4P), j=4 11Po5 4f7(8S0)6s6p2(4P), j=5 11Po6 4f7(8S0)6s6p2(4P), j=6 4f7(8S0)5d(9D)6s7s 8D0 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(9D)6s(8D0)7s, j=4 4f7(8S0)5d3(2G) 7Go6 4f7(8S0)5d3(2G), j=6 4f7(8S0)5d3(2F) 9Fo1 4f7(8S0)5d3(2F), j=1 9Fo4 4f7(8S0)5d3(2F), j=4 9Fo2 4f7(8S0)5d3(2F), j=2 9Fo3 4f7(8S0)5d3(2F), j=3 4f7(8S0)5d3 7Po4 4f7(8S0)5d3, j=4 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s7s 8D0 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=6 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=4 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s(8D0)7s, j=2 6D0 ?o4 4f7(8S0)5d(7D0)6s(6D0)7s, j=4 4f7(8S0)5d6s8s 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d6s8s, j=6 4f7(8S0)5d6s2 7Do1 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=1 7Do2 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=2 7Do3 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=3 7Do4 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=4 7Do5 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=5 9Do6 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=6 9Do5 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=5 9Do4 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=4 9Do3 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=3 9Do2 4f7(8S0)5d6s2, j=2 4f8(7F)6s7s 8F 9F6 4f8(7F)6s(8F)7s, j=6 9F7 4f8(7F)6s(8F)7s, j=7 4f86s6p ?5 4f86s6p, j=5 ?3 4f86s6p, j=3 4f86s6p, j=3 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)6p 10P0 11S5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6p?, j=5 11D6 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6p?, j=6 ?5 4f7(8S0)5d2(3P)(10P0)6p, j=5 ?4